I often have pieces from India, though the nice ones, like everything else, are getting harder and harder to find. Sometimes there are odds and ends from China, Afghanistan, Indonesia, and other areas – I never know what might appear, or when. I have just added a number of items brought from Iran The most important reference books I use on this page are: Two other books of value are: On to the mysterious lands Here is a great, light-weight antique silver necklace from Iran, constructed with pieces of stamped silver connected like pendants, with jump rings and chain. This is a very unusual piece. There are five antique jet pendants from Iran here, all inscribed with positive phrases from the Koran. There are often references to 5, representing both the Islamic leaders, and the five fingers held up for protection.
Vintage Cowboy and Old West Saddles, Chaps, Gun Holsters & Other Relics & Collectibles
The International History Project Date: Archaeology studies past human behavior through the examination of material remains of previous human societies. These remains include the fossils preserved bones of humans, food remains, the ruins of buildings, and human artifacts—items such as tools, pottery, and jewelry.
Core beads (A in the technique): 4 – size 8 metallic midnight blue seed beads Outer beads (B in the technique): 2 – size 11 matte opaque midnight blue beads, 1 – size 8 matte metallic midnight blue iris seed beads, 2 – size 11 matte opaque midnight blue beads.
Navigation Menu Cultural Group Guides The following guides emphasize information that can be used to stimulate thinking about cultural differences and prompt questions that will help providers understand how their patients identify with and express their cultural backgrounds. These are not fact lists to apply indiscriminately. African American The following cultural patterns may represent many African Americans, but do not represent all people in a community.
Each person is an individual, as well as a community member. The term African American generally refers to people descended from Africans who did not come to the US voluntarily—descendants of the four million slaves brought to the US between and The family may be matriarchal, although father or mother may take on the decision-making role. For African Americans, women more than men tend to remain unmarried, and more women have been educated at the college level.
In general, the older generation is more conservative, may have a more traditional view of gender roles, and may shun interracial dating and marriage. Elders are respected and often provide care for their grandchildren.
Cultural Group Guides
Sewant or Zeewant was the term used for this currency by the New Netherland colonists. The clams and whelks used for making wampum are found only along Long Island Sound and Narragansett Bay. The Lenape name for Long Island is Sewanacky, reflecting its connection to the dark wampum. Wampum beads are typically tubular in shape, often a quarter of an inch long and an eighth inch wide. One 17th-century Seneca wampum belt featured beads almost 2.
Mar 24, · Origins of glass beads: From the Venice to the Czech Republic Venetian glass beads are probably the earliest, most enduring, and most widespread forms of .
Components[ edit ] Beads can be made of many different materials. The earliest beads were made of a variety of natural materials which, after they were gathered, could be readily drilled and shaped. As humans became capable of obtaining and working with more difficult materials, those materials were added to the range of available substances.
But nowadays synthetic materials were added. In modern manufacturing, the most common bead materials are wood, plastic , glass , metal , and stone. Natural materials[ edit ] Beads are still made from many naturally occurring materials, both organic i. However, some of these materials now routinely undergo some extra processing beyond mere shaping and drilling such as color enhancement via dyes or irradiation. The natural organics include bone , coral , horn , ivory , seeds such as tagua nuts , animal shell , and wood.
Glossary Of Jewellery Making & Beading Terms K To Z
The freshwater pearl bracelet has had a sterling silver extension chain added which enables the bracelet to be lengthened and therefore can also be worn into adulthood All silver components apart from the argentium silver wire please see below for description of argentium silver are sterling silver. This Rosary bracelet has been carefully handcrafted using the traditional wire wrapping method.
Preciosa Ornela rocaille seed beads are of superior quality, machine cut, and are highly valued for their use in bead stringing, bead weaving, embroidery and much much more! Preciosa seed beads are proven to be of the upmost value, and demonstrate the highest level of shape consistency.
Great Rodeo grade cactus cowboy lariat 62 feet in length. Usually ships in business days. These saddlebags are hand made and hand stamped with leather covered buckles. The bags measure 29″ long to center 58 ” overall. A very unique grade 10 old west collectible. This museum-quality set of heavy duty batwing chaps date back to the s. The chaps have great patina but are in good condition for being well over a hundred years old.
Dating quilts – a brief overview
First things first, the white ermine fur on this coat needs to be replaced. It’s very dry and no longer viable, but I’m leaving it on the coat so your furrier can use as a pattern. The black silk thin patterned velvet coat is in great condition! The pattern in the velvet can only be seen under certain lights, otherwise it just looks like a solid black velvet.
It’s fairly lightweight, so not a winter coat, but rather an evening coat.
Seed beads can be made from material other than glass. Dating beadwork can be tricky, but here are some hints. Seed beads have many uses, some of then rather special. In a tribute to her, I have a page of my Grandmother Minnie’s beading box. She was a professional wig maker, working with stage acts (such as Radio City Music Hall).
Dating the Iroquois Confederacy , by Bruce E. The Haudenosaunee Iroquois Confederacy, one of the world’s oldest democracies, is at least three centuries older than most previous estimates, according to research by Barbara Mann and Jerry Fields of Toledo University, Ohio. Using a combination of documentary sources, solar eclipse data, and Iroquois oral history, Mann and Fields assert that the Iroquois Confederacy’s body of law was adopted by the Senecas the last of the five nations to ratify it August 31, The ratification council convened at a site that is now a football field in Victor, New York.
The site is called Gonandaga by the Seneca. I want to talk about our original treaties because we not only made treaties with the United States, but we also made treaties with other foreign countries, and perhaps the first one that we made was with the Dutch. We used a wampum belt. That is, a two row wampum belt with two parallel lines on a field of white. We used wampum belts to help us commemorate our treaties.
Dating quilts – a brief overview
Combining clear images with easy to understand dictionary like definitions, this bead glossary also provides links to more in depth content and bead resources. It can be used as a beading A to Z reference guide to dip into as needed, or as a beading and jewellery glossary for beginners to help broaden beading and jewellery making knowledge.
A jump to index is provided at the top of each bead guide to help you find information quickly. They are used in pierced earring and are generally closed, as opposed to a shepherd hook or a fishhook, which remains open.
Aug 21, · This blue heart ring is made up of blue heart bead, red seed beads and a red crystal; it is a perfect dating partner for young girls, I am sure you will become more lovely and sweeter when you wear this blue heart ring.
Angiosperm seeds In the typical flowering plant, or angiosperm, seeds are formed from bodies called ovules contained in the ovary, or basal part of the female plant structure, the pistil. The mature ovule contains in its central part a region called the nucellus that in turn contains an embryo sac with eight nuclei , each with one set of chromosomes i. Diagram of a typical flowering plant angiosperm.
With very few exceptions e. Pollen grains that land on the receptive upper surface stigma of the pistil will germinate, if they are of the same species, and produce pollen tubes, each of which grows down within the style the upper part of the pistil toward an ovule. The pollen tube has three haploid nuclei, one of them, the so-called vegetative , or tube, nucleus seems to direct the operations of the growing structure.
The other two, the generative nuclei , can be thought of as nonmotile sperm cells. After reaching an ovule and breaking out of the pollen tube tip, one generative nucleus unites with the egg cell to form a diploid zygote i. The zygote undergoes a limited number of divisions and gives rise to an embryo. The other generative nucleus fuses with the two polar nuclei to produce a triploid three sets of chromosomes nucleus, which divides repeatedly before cell-wall formation occurs.
This process gives rise to the triploid endosperm , a nutrient tissue that contains a variety of storage materials—such as starch , sugars , fats , proteins , hemicelluloses , and phytate a phosphate reserve. The events just described constitute what is called the double-fertilization process, one of the characteristic features of all flowering plants.
In the orchids and in some other plants with minute seeds that contain no reserve materials, endosperm formation is completely suppressed. In other cases it is greatly reduced, but the reserve materials are present elsewhere—e.
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At 15 she watched her mother disappear behind gas chamber doors. On liberation day, she was accidentally shot through the chest, yet again miraculously survived. Sonia is the ultimate survivor, a bridge between cultures and generations.
Beads for mourning. French seed beads for beaded flowers to put on graves. The card has only violet, white and green beads. They are strung on wires (a machine .
AB Finish This iridescent finish used on glass and plastic beads is named after the colorful lights seen in northern skies, the aurora borealis, or AB for short. The finish is also called rainbow. AB beads may be any color and are usually monochromatic and transparent, but they may also be matte or even pearlized, as well as striped or silver-lined.
Beads are given an AB finish by passing them through vaporized metal ions. This process leaves a thin deposit on their surface of tiny metallic particles, which break up light waves into the colors of the spectrum, much as water droplets refract sunlight to create a rainbow. This iridescent play of light causes the underlying color of the beads to shift, sometimes considerably.
AB finish is widely used on seed beads and bugles; Czech molded glass beads, both smooth and faceted; plastic plain and fancy shapes; and cut glass crystals. Liu Glass seed beads with AB finish. Cas Webber Abalone Shell Mother-of-pearl from the nacreous lining of abalone shells has been used to make beads and ornaments since prehistoric times.
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I’ve been holding on to this gown for years now I’m told it’s a warp silk print.. Fantastic floral silk fabric. Spring green silk ribbons and bows. Sweet short puffy sleeves.
Jun 26, · Identifying vintage beads from modern beads is a useful skill, especially where the cost difference matters or you’re a collector of vintage items. In the case of this article, the term “vintage” is used to refer to any bead over 30 years of age and under years%().
June 10th, at 8: As I prepared to penatrate her, I found myself rubbing my glans in her semen soaked pubic hair to lubricate it. Rather than be careful, I plunged my penis into her then rubbed it around in her semen soaked pubic hair to coat it with more sperm. I kept doing this until I had to cum. True to my word I pulled out to squit on her breasts. Needless to say it was surreal to go to church a few hours later.
Beads are over years old according to supplier, the outside segmentation worn, but showing very sharply on interiors. Range mm wide x mm long, very wide natural holes Singles: I got them from a coin dealer whose inventory I purchased ca. A Chinese coin expert who studies published excavation reports to help date early coins suggests Western Zhou period, ca. Pricing cracked the same as whole ones, as I think these best demonstrate their ivory origins. Supplier says about years old.
Anal beads from usenet physics faq. Introduction beads. This time period were used to roman times. Powder glass pieces were made of the wheelwright museum of the hill as 2, and chemistry majors. There are modern, granny, seed pearls and casual sex near you on the micro bead necklace ornamentation. Classics and pyrite.
There are composites, such as millefiori beads, where cross-sections of a drawn glass cane are applied to a wound glass core. A very minor industry in blown glass beads also existed in 19th-century Venice and France. Wound glass beads[ edit ] Probably the earliest beads of true glass were made by the winding method. Glass at a temperature high enough to make it workable, or “ductile”, is laid down or wound around a steel wire or mandrel coated in a clay slip called “bead release.
This process is called marvering, originating from the French word “marbrer” which translates to “marble”. It can also be pressed into a mold in its molten state. While still hot, or after re-heating, the surface of the bead may be decorated with fine rods of colored glass called stringers creating a type of lampwork bead. Drawn glass beads[ edit ] The drawing of glass is also very ancient.
Evidence of large-scale drawn-glass beadmaking has been found by archeologists in India, at sites like Arekamedu dating to the 2nd century CE. The small drawn beads made by that industry have been called Indo-Pacific beads, because they may have been the single most widely traded item in history—found from the islands of the Pacific to Great Zimbabwe in southern Africa.
In Arekamedu this was accomplished by inserting a hollow metal tube into the ball of hot glass and pulling the glass strand out around it, to form a continuous glass tube. In the Venetian bead industry, molten glass was gathered on the end of a tool called a puntile “puntying up” , a bubble was incorporated into the center of a gather of molten glass, and a second puntile was attached before stretching the gather with its internal bubble into a long cane.